Modernising and Simplifying the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
In its 2017 Programme of work the European Commission announced that it would “take forward work and consult widely on simplification and modernisation of the Common Agricultural Policy to maximise its contribution to the Commission's ten priorities and to the Sustainable Development Goals. Accordingly Commissionner Hogan asks all citizens and stakeholders interested in the future of EU food and farming to contribute to the process to modernize and simplify the Common Agricultural Policy. This process included an open and transparent public consultation, which has enabled stakeholders and citizens across Europe to voice their opinion on EU agriculture, rural areas and the CAP; however, the process also involved meetings with the stakeholders and a large Conference. PC confirmed a widespread consensus on the idea that the current CAP tools successfully addresses current challenges to some extent only and confirmed the challenges identified with the lessons learnt from the latest CAP.
When and Where
- A citizen involved in a family farm;
- A citizen involved in a farm with a different legal structure;
- A citizen involved in farming, but who does not know which type of structure to indicate.
- 3 meetings with the Civil Dialogue Group back to back with public consultation;
- 5 expert workshops;
- 1 big conference.
See in particular, impact assessment, Annex 2
- Social media amplifying campaigns.
- Public consultations not statistically representative.despite number of answers and resources involved.
- the need to improve simultaneously the economic and environmental and climate performance, which sometimes creates a short-term trade-off (the public consultation illustrated different perceptions on economic and environmental challenges);
- the risk for employment from efforts to raise productivity and growth, especially in the primary farm sector;
- the often-complex trade-off between simplification and targeting, and the appropriate degree of subsidiarity in the context of very different structural characteristics in the farming sector of 28 MS.
In its legislative proposals, the Commission proposed a balanced approach along the 3 components of sustainable development.
- Communication before and after public consultations.
- This is about the opinion-based part of policy making, in addition more is needed for the evidence-base.